Cause and effect essay is a way of writing an essay using a cause or an effect or both combined. Normally a cause is an answer to why something happens and effect what happens because of it. There could be many causes for an effect or many effects due to a cause. For example global warming is an effect and the causes could be deforestation, pollution and such. In this example there are many causes and one effect, global warming and you can also use single cause deforestation and find many effects such as rise in temperature, climate change, increasing water levels and many more. When developing a cause and effect essay, a writer needs to decide on where he would concentrate more, on cause or effect depending on the thesis of the assigned essay.
Many students face the problem of differentiating the cause and effect when they are asked to write an essay using cause and effect method. The best possible solution is to choose a result that happened recently or in the past and find out the reasons why it happened and this leads to your cause and effect essay written by using causes that led to the particular effect. If you find it difficult to separate the cause and effect of an incident, ask yourself the question “why”, you have the cause and ask the question “what”, you have the effect of the incident. The main aim of a cause and effect essay is to make points specific so that its easy for writers and readers alike.
You must also understand the cause and effect is not always about cause and effects together, in short essays you either need to explain the causes for an effect or vice versa.
There could be many effects and causes for incidents and if you are to include all of them, the essay looses its main aim of convincing or arguing and it will become a lot of information put together which interests no readers. If you are writing about a study on the causes and effects of particular incident for example population growth in china or on political issues you may use both the causes and effects together as it will be considered as a study and needs full length of information.
There are few points to be remembered when writing a cause and effect essay, the first being stating your thesis which includes the clear information about whether you are writing about the causes for an effect, effects of a cause or both. Before starting writing your essay, you must list all the possible causes for an effect on a piece of paper and you are to find out many reasons, do not rule out any reasons at this stage and just collect maximum points. Once you have a list of possible causes, read them thoroughly and prioritize them according to their significance on the effect. You do not need or include all those points but include the most important ones and tell your readers that there are other reasons too and mention them in a small paragraph. Another approach you can adapt is put causes under main categories and explain them if you find too many interrelated information.
You must also support all your causes and effects, whichever you are using in your essay by strong supporting points. You should clearly mention your statement in the beginning of the point and support it with additional information to make user understand your point. Even though there is no order assigned to rank the causes or effects when you write your essay, there are few argues that you must save your most important point to the last.
Whether you use your most important point in the start or in the end, you must spend enough time to prepare it.
It must also be noted that a cause and effect essay does not require to provide a solution to the situation or to provide information on how to change the effect. It just needs to clearly mention what are the causes or the effects depending on the thesis of the essay .